March 9, 1736
1736 Charles Wesley arrived in Frederica on St. Simons Island to serve as James Oglethorpe’s secretary.
March 9, 1818
1818 On the west bank of the Ocmulgee River in what today is Wilcox County, 34 members members of the Telfair County Militia engaged about 60 Creek Indians in the Battle of Breakfast Branch. The battle occurred in an area ceded to Georgia less than two months earlier in the Treaty of the Creek Agency. Four Creeks and five militia members were killed in what proved to be the last battle between Creeks and whites in the area.
March 9, 1866
1866 Gov. Charles Jenkins signed two acts of the General Assembly relative to "persons of color." One act granted the legal status of marriage to persons of color living together as husband and wife. In the event, either the man or woman had two or more reputed spouses, such person immediately was to select one of such reputed spouses--and with their permission undertake the ceremony of marriage. Failure to do so could lead to charges of adultery or fornication. The second act provided that among persons of color, the parent of child be required to maintain his or her children -- whether legitimate or not -- to the same extent as white persons. The act also such child born prior to passage of the act be declared the legitimate child of his or her mother -- and also of his or her father, if acknowledged by the father.
March 9, 1931
1931 Atlanta native and civil rights leader Walter F. White was named executive secretary of the NAACP.
March 9, 1945
1945 Gov. Ellis Arnall signed a joint resolution of the General Assembly proposing a new state constitution for Georgia. In a special election held on Aug. 7, 1945, Georgia voters approved what would be known as the Constitution of 1945 (although technically the entire new constitution was adopted as a single amendment to the Constitution of 1877).
March 9, 1945
1945 Gov. Ellis Arnall signed legislation creating the Georgia Ports Authority with power to finance, build, and operate seaports along Georgia’s coast. The authority’s first project would be to expand the port facilities at Savannah.
March 9, 1945
1945 Gov. Ellis Arnall signed a joint resolution of the General Assembly stating the legislature’s "continuing sympathy with the movement to abolish all measures restricting Jewish immigration into Palestine, so that all seeking a new life of freedom and dignity after this war, may settle on the soil of the ancestral homeland with a view of developing it as a free and democratic Jewish Commonwealth."
March 9, 1946
1946 A conference initiating a World Bank and monetary fund, attended by over 600 delegates from around the world, convened in Savannah.
March 9, 1956
1956 Gov. Marvin Griffin signed a second series of bills and resolutions that were part of his "massive resistance" package of legislation at the 1956 session of the General Assembly in response to the U.S. Supreme Court’s 1954 and 1955 decisions in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. These included:
H.R. 185, an Interposition Resolution, which declared that "decisions and orders of the Supreme Court of the United States relating to separation of the races in the public institutions of a State as announced and promulgated by said court on May 17, 1954, and May 31, 1955, are null, void and of no force or effect."
H.B. 267, which provided that all common carriers of passengers for intrastate travel provide a separate waiting room for white passengers, to be labeled "White Waiting Room, Intrastate Passengers." The act further provided that for all other passengers traveling in intrastate or interstate travel, a separate waiting room be provided, to be labeled "Waiting Room, Interstate Passengers and Colored Intrastate Passengers."
S.B. 152, which authorized the Department of Public Safety to allow members of the State Patrol to make arrests and otherwise enforce Georgia’s segregation laws when requested by a citizen or official of any city or county.
H.B. 243, the general appropriation act for FY 1957, which included provisions in the appropriations to the State Department of Education and the State Board of Regents requiring that state appropriations could only be made to segregated schools and colleges in Georgia.
March 9, 1960
1960 Led by Lonnie King and Julian Bond, a group of Atlanta black students known as the Committee on Appeal for Human Rights published "An Appeal for Human Rights" in Atlanta newspapers. The appeal, critical of both white and black leaders, was in response to white reaction to the first "sit-in" that had occurred days before in Greensboro, N.C.
March 9, 1970
1970 Gov. Lester Maddox signed an act setting Georgia’s minimum wage at $1.25 per hour. Exempted from this minimum were: (a) employers with annual sales of not more than $40,000, or who had 5 or fewer employees; (b) employees who were paid in part or whole by gratuities; (c) employees who were students in high school or college; and (d) newspaper carriers.