September 3, 1752
1752 This day did not happen in Georgia or the other British colonies. While the day before was Sept. 2, today officially was Sept. 14. As part of switching Julian to the Gregorian calendar, 11 days had to be eliminated from the year 1752. Sept. 3 was the first casualty.
September 3, 1779
1779 Count d’Estaing and a French fleet of 22 ships and 4,000 men arrived off the coast of Georgia to participate in a joint American-French effort to take Savannah from the British. Thus began the siege of Savannah.
September 3, 1783
1783 The American Revolution officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. Of particular importance to Georgia was that the treaty stipulated the southern boundary of the United States as the point in the middle of the Mississippi River intersected by the 31st parallel of latitude eastward to the middle of the Chattahoochee River, then southward to the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers, then eastward in a straight line to the head of the St. Marys River, then eastward down the middle of the St. Marys to the Atlantic Ocean. Because Georgia was the southernmost state, the Treaty of Paris in effect established Georgia’s southern boundary.
September 3, 1862
1862 By order of the Confederate Secretary of War, the writ of habeas corpus was suspended within Atlanta and any area within five miles of its city limits.
September 3, 1864
1864 From near Lovejoy’s Station, Sherman sent the following telegram to Gen. Slocum, commander of the 20th Corps, in Atlanta: "Move all the stores forward from Allatoona and Marietta to Atlanta. Take possession of all good buildings for Government purposes, and see they are not used as quarters. Advise the people to quit now. There can be no trade or commerce now until the war is over. Let Union families go to the North with their effects, and secesh families move on. All cotton is tainted with treason, and no title in it will be respected." Sherman also sent a telegraph to Washington stating: "Atlanta is ours and fairly won."
September 3, 1868
1868 The Georgia House of Representatives voted to remove black members of that body on the grounds that the state constitution did not recognize the right of black citizens to hold public office--which thus made them ineligible to sit in the General Assembly. Of the 29 black representatives, four mulatto members were allowed to hold their seat, while the remaining 25 were removed. Ten days later, the Georgia Senate removed its 3 black members.
September 3, 1888
1888 Noted virologist Thomas M. Rivers was born in Jonesboro, Georgia. From 1938 to 1955, Rivers chaired the virus research committee of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (which became the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation). He helped organized the research program that resulted in the Salk and Sabin vaccines against polio. Thomas died in New York City on May 12, 1962.
September 3, 1944
1944 Georgia Senator Walter F. George fractured his shoulder in a fall at his Washington apartment. He spent the following day in the hospital but was back at work on his congressional duties on Sept. 5.
September 3, 1976
1976 Speaking from his home in Plains, Jimmy Carter launched the final phase of his presidential campaign by announcing that balancing the budget was his top priority, even ahead of his welfare reform and national health insurance packages. He announced that "there will be no new programs implemented under my administration unless we can be sure that the cost of those programs is compatible with my goal of having a balanced budget before the end of my term."
September 3, 1987
1987 Lockheed Aeronautical Systems Company was created from the Georgia and California companies, with the Georgia Division responsible for primary LASC production, second source production, major subcontracting, and major aircraft modification. [Contributed by Dr. Tom Scott, Kennesaw State University]
September 3, 1989
Georgia cities and towns incorporated by acts approved on Sept. 3:
1989 Lumber City (Telfair County)